Final eJournal Entry (EDS 111 Principles of Teaching)

  • changed/enhanced/influenced the way you think about the teaching process and the profession of teaching in general; and

Personally, I thought that to teach there is no need to get an education units as I see the way the teachers do without units in education and having units in education are almost the same. Sometimes those teachers have no background of teaching, they are the one who teach effectively, that is my thought before.

When I get this PTC, I came to realize that there are many techniques and principles teachers need to incorporate in different situation in their teaching practices. What I like more in this course is the use of TPACK in teaching practices.

  • impacted you as a teacher/pre-service teacher/education professional.

When started studying this subject it really impact me something that I should know about principles of teaching. As future educators, I will utilize all those principles in my teaching practices in order to impact student learning and development.

  • why you needed to study or why you studied the concepts/principles discussed the course,

We need to study the concepts and principles in this course as it can make teaching both more effective and more efficient, by helping us create the conditions that support student learning.

  • why you have to consider to apply (or not apply) these concepts and principles in your practice,

Application of concepts and principles in my practice as future teachers will enhanced students learning and will guide me to attain my objectives.

  • the importance of what you have learned from the course,

I have learned many things in this course as far as principles of teaching is concerned, especially the 6 modules discussed. What struck me is the deBono’s thinking hats, reflective teaching and TPACK.

  • what you will do next after learning the various concepts and principles from the course,

As future educators, I will utilize all those concepts and principles from this course depending on the situation.

  • what your professional goals are now,

For many teachers, one of their simplest goals is to inspire their students to love learning. But the inspirational power of a teacher can transcend the classroom.

  • how you will achieve your goals and objectives in your career and practice, and

In achieving goals and objectives, we need to track it daily to ensure that we are aligned with our programs and objectives.

  • what changes you will make as an education professional.

Teacher can change a student’s lives. I will make learning fun, as stimulating and engaging lessons. I will inspire learners to work harder and pursue a goal. I will advise also learners weighing important life decisions thru the concepts and principles I have learned in this course.

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Module 6: Principles of Effective Teaching

In this module, I have spent more time in reading as well as learning the resources. There were many tasks that I need to accomplished and complete. But most importantly I ‘ve learned many things that I can utilize it when I go back to Philippines for good and embrace teaching profession. It took me time to study and accomplished the activities in this module, but I am grateful I have learned that professional knowledge can heightened, I have encountered also creative teaching as well as creative teachers and the very important part is the ways on how work with the diverse learners.

There are 4 resources in this module, as I am heading to the finishing line and especially when I started to answer the self-check 12, 13 and 14, I considered it as achievement or realization in my part after long hours of reading the various resources and links.

I can say that the most significant learning that I have gained is that teachers should produce a learning environment wherein everyone are welcome and inside the circle of learning from various background, cultures and attitudes.

The institutions must provide quality of education irrespective of religion, economic status or whatever differences. In this module, I’ve learned that in order to attain this objective, there should be collaborative efforts from different background and stakeholders namely; government, school’s management and community to involve parents.

Teachers also must challenge themselves to develop creativity, thus, they inspire also the learners to exercise their own creativity, so that in future it will toughen their mind and ready to solve issues and glitches they may encounter in life.

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Module 5: Professional Development and Professional Learning Community

I learned from the module concerning the continuing professional development (CPD) and the professional learning community (PLC); its significant and the ways to make CPDs and PLCs successful and effective. I could connect also the CPD and PLC to teaching and learning.

Teachers always find ways any developments as far as teaching and learning is concerned for them to be better educators according to the developments may arise. Like the development in our current curriculum due to the K to 12 law, this introduces various changes like changing the content, instructional technology and methods of teaching and many more. For teachers to expand their professional growth on this changes, they really need to update themselves with these developments. At the end of the day, teachers are always continuous learners.



                               Adapted from:

Below explanation adapted from:

CPD, to be effective, should be planned, executed, evaluated, and reflected upon.
• Plan your activities
These should be realistic within the context of your personal and professional goals (taking into account those of your employer) and should include SMART (Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Results oriented & Timely) objective setting.

• Execute and record your activities
Carry out the activities you have planned and monitor the progress of achieving your objectives against that plan.

• Record the outcomes
Once you have completed your activities, identify the results and the achievements and record them. Identify benefits to you as an individual and to your employer.

• Reflect on your experience
Once you have been able to put what you have learnt into practice (which may be after a few weeks or even a few months), look back at the experience as a whole; identify learning points both positive and negative to help prepare the next cycle. Some types of development may be particularly beneficial to you whereas others may be less effective. This step helps you to develop your own CPD programme.



Adapted from:

In this module I have learned the barriers to effective CPD and PLC as well as its solutions.


  • Too much plan
  • Too much listening/ no collaboration
  • Not enough time for professional learning
  • Lack of high-quality external expertise
  • Not relevant or differentiated
  • No clear focus on pupil
  • Not enough evaluation


  • Insufficient access to timely data on which to base instructional decisions;
  • Poor infrastructure (especially lack of scheduled time for teachers to meet, or inefficient use of the limited time available);
  • Lack of teacher buy-in for the process (perception that the decision to implement a PLC was imposed upon teachers by administrators);
  • Lack of teacher ownership of the process (perception that administrators dictate what teachers do during their collaborative time); and
  • A building culture in which teachers tend to compete rather than collaborate.


  • Establish standards, expected outputs, and vision.
  • More active school administrators, supervisors and human resources department in looking for seminar, conference and trainings they can attend to.
  • Increase incentives for teachers who will have many conferences, seminar and trainings or published work or papers.
  • Encourage and fund teachers to attend conferences, seminar and trainings. These can be during weekends.
  • Have fun and educational team buildings for teachers and also fo students
  • More guidance from direct supervisors like cluster coordinator
  • Individually teachers can find free webinars and online courses.
  • Team teaching of a subject. If not possible team teaching even in one topic or lesson will do.
  • Create school extracurricular events, activities or programs where in teachers can also collaborate with each other and not only students
  • Classroom observation or evaluation is not only by supervisor but also can be by peer or co teacher


  • Identify and solve curriculum and instruction issues with teachers
  • Identify teachers’ needs like working space, scheduling not only decided by administrators
  • Emphasize standards, values and goals by placing them in posters, school website, etc
  • Have more active guidance counselors and prefect monitor students’ progress
  • Provide modern tools for teachers like softwares to make tasks easier
  • Conduct more personal development activities for teachers
  • Encourage teachers and students to also have their personal monitoring cards and journal
  • Conduct once a week or once a month or once per quarter close door meeting to know teachers’ needs and progress
  • Involve teachers in some decision making









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Module 4: Teaching Perspectives and Approaches

I learned from this module the contemporary teaching approaches application, our concepts on teaching perspectives connecting teaching practices and the different teaching approaches and philosophies or perspectives.

After reading the resources, my realization is that there are many approaches and various perspectives in teaching. I have experienced both teacher-centered and learner-centered approached during those years. I think some teachers of mine before adapted either of the two or of combination of it. In this module, which I think showed me that the teaching perspectives and methods is really aiming to enhanced the skills and abilities of the learners, like the knowledge, attitudes and skills. In our current society, nowadays we have many existing problems. As a future educator, our intention for the learners is to excel and develop or become successful despite trials beset our society. Understanding the diverse learners is very important for the teachers so that they can open their strategy on how to develop the needs of the students.

The most significant learning that I have gained is that teaching requires the utilization of combinations of pedagogies that would enable students to exercise their skills.

My beliefs reflect those of the concepts discussed in this module. Teachers should be thoughtful and logical. Every teacher has their own educational perspectives of their own, in that, we cannot set aside for sure. But my belief is that although we have our own perspective, we should ensure that there is a learning environments that would suit everyone into one circle.

The challenges that I have encountered as I study the module is that I was left behind due to my vacation in the month June 2017. When I was in Zamboanga, I spent time reading at night at least I am moving little bit but due to fasting in the month of Ramadhan, my body always weak most of the time and I was always felt sleepy. One more factor is the slowness of internet. But still I could overcome the challenges. When I got my strength, I spent all the time reading the resources in the modules so that I will not be left behind.

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Module 3: Knowledge Base of Teaching

In this module, I have learned to discussed the components of knowledge, explain on how each component of teaching knowledge base are interrelated, and relate professional knowledge with effective teaching.

My realizations on the topic discussed were the utilization of advance and graphic organizers as it will benefit to foster student engagement, to activate prior knowledge, to help students identify and organize important information and to meet the needs of students. Moreover, it also to develop higher order thinking skills, to aid in organization and recall of information and to promote autonomy.

The most significant learning that I have gained in this module is that teaching is a complex profession. There are many different knowledges that we are going to combined. I also learned that even if you are well verse in the content of the subject matter is not sufficient that you are effectively doing the right teaching. As future educator, I must develop the following adapted from (Shulman, 1987):

  1. General Pedagogic Knowledge i.e. the broad principles and strategies of classroom management and organisation that apply irrespective of the subject.
  2. Subject Content Knowledge i.e. the subject material that is to be taught. Schwab (1964) identifies two components of content knowledge: substantive: knowing what are the most important concepts and skills in the subject, and syntactic: knowing how the concepts and skills are structured and organised within a subject.
  3. Subject Pedagogic Knowledge i.e. the knowledge of what makes for effective teaching and deep learning that is the basis for the selection, organisation and presentation of the content teachers want their students to acquire.
  4. Curriculum Knowledge i.e. the materials and the programmes that serve as ‘tools of the trade’ for teachers.
  5. Knowledge of Learners and their Characteristics i.e. knowledge of learners of a particular age range (empirical or social knowledge), and cognitive knowledge of learners, comprising of child development and knowledge of a particular group of learners.
  6. Knowledge of Educational Contexts i.e. including specific school, catchment area and the wider community, including national and international contexts of current and emergent issues for education e.g. globalization, citizenship, use of ICT to support learning.
  7. Knowledge of Educational Ends (aims) i.e. purposes, values and philosophical and historical influences: both short and long term goals of education and of a subject.

The concepts that I have been confused but later it made me clear are Pedagogical Content Knowledge and knowledge of learners. I was confused in the self-check 5 due to the situational examples.

The resources for a topic in the module have interconnection and have relationship to each other. Like the different teaching knowledge base, sources of knowledge and the relationship of the process of reasoning and action, and the knowledge bases of teaching. I used advance and graphic organizers in the canvass as an output to show its relationship and interconnection.

My beliefs reflect those of the concepts discussed in this module. Before I thought that if you have the knowledge of the content and you master on it, it is enough for effective teaching practice. But after I read the resources, it changes my belief that there are some sources that we should consider for effective teaching. And I want to adopt it in my future endeavor and even I want to endorse it as it is beneficial in learning practices.

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Module 2: Teacher Professionalism

Before I studied the module 2, I defined teacher professionalism as a person who acquired degree or specific qualifications with expertise or know-how in a particular field, and obtained license from the authority like PRC or passed the licensure examination for teachers (LET).

Although some teachers who didn’t passed the LET still they can teach in the schools as temporary. In the Philippines, passing the LET is necessary, if you didn’t pass it as if your degree remain dangling and you sense yourself like not professionals. But as (Millerson 1964) focused on establishing the features that an occupation should have in order to be termed a profession.

A typical list included such items as:

  • the use of skills based on theoretical knowledge
  • education and training in those skills certified by examination
  • a code of professional conduct oriented towards the ‘public good’
  • a powerful professional organization.

These lists reflected the nature of established professions such as medicine and law, while occupations that did not entirely meet such criteria were given the title ‘quasi-’ or ‘semi-professions’ (Etzioni 1969). So, those who didn’t passed the LET can be called semi-professionals if we based from Etzioni point of view.

After studying the resources, my definition of teacher professionalism never changed.  Because even the scholarly opinions have different approaches toward teacher professionalism. Still I believe that teacher should obtained degree with expertise in his/her field and more importantly pass the LET as it is required by law and regulated by PRC. Hopefully, in future after I finish this PTC, I pray that, I can pass the LET in the first take, and be a member of professional regulatory commission.

I learned from the module the different definition of teacher professionalism from different perspectives thru their scholarly debates like their criteria, characteristics and status of teacher professionalism. I’ve learned also the factors and features that affect teacher professionalism.

But I still I trust in my own definition as I relied in the contemporary condition in our country, the Philippines.

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Module 1: Reflective Teaching Practice

In the beginning of the week in module 1, I could not found time reading concentratedly on the related reference in the said module as on that week we have external auditors for re-certification   of our Integrated Management System (IMS) which is ISO standards to check the continual improvement of our operations and processes. On my way home from work; which is 1 hour and half travelling. I spent time to read my classmates post in discussion forum 1 and 2 just to advanced understanding as I cannot still find time to read the module 1 although I have downloaded it already.

My feelings were not aggressive to read it wholly, when I find time wanting to read just open my bag as I have with me hard copies. When I got an appetite to read the resource 1, 2 and 3, my sensitivity was I understand what the author is trying to say but the way he presented his book was broad and not direct to the point. It made me realized to visit the muddiest points located in the course site maybe I can found inquiries of my classmates so that it will help me to be clearer.

The very central of module 1 and focused discussion is on reflective teaching practice. When I read the course guide, this term will be beneficial and more application throughout the term. When we say reflective teaching practice, this involves critical reflection for the teachers so that they can change and progress their teaching style and to improve their professional career forwards. Some teachers which I touched their lives as per my experienced during those years they teach like repetitive and not moving forward, not thinking of assessing and evaluating themselves how they can improve the learners lifelong learning. I doubt the sincerity of their head in evaluating them, maybe also the checking style to their subordinate is just like passing time and for the seek of compliance. In this module, I have learnt that to be responsible educators they should evaluate themselves to improve teaching practices. Most especially they should think to grow as professionals and apply regular reflection and how to be a critically reflective teacher to lift teaching professionally.

After I completed the activities in module 1, I learned on what is meant by reflective teaching practice, reflection as hunting assumptions, what makes the reflection critical and its two distinctive purposes, and the four critically reflective lenses and processes. These, I can utilize as I move forward in this course.


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