Module 3: Knowledge Base of Teaching

In this module, I have learned to discussed the components of knowledge, explain on how each component of teaching knowledge base are interrelated, and relate professional knowledge with effective teaching.

My realizations on the topic discussed were the utilization of advance and graphic organizers as it will benefit to foster student engagement, to activate prior knowledge, to help students identify and organize important information and to meet the needs of students. Moreover, it also to develop higher order thinking skills, to aid in organization and recall of information and to promote autonomy.

The most significant learning that I have gained in this module is that teaching is a complex profession. There are many different knowledges that we are going to combined. I also learned that even if you are well verse in the content of the subject matter is not sufficient that you are effectively doing the right teaching. As future educator, I must develop the following adapted from (Shulman, 1987):

  1. General Pedagogic Knowledge i.e. the broad principles and strategies of classroom management and organisation that apply irrespective of the subject.
  2. Subject Content Knowledge i.e. the subject material that is to be taught. Schwab (1964) identifies two components of content knowledge: substantive: knowing what are the most important concepts and skills in the subject, and syntactic: knowing how the concepts and skills are structured and organised within a subject.
  3. Subject Pedagogic Knowledge i.e. the knowledge of what makes for effective teaching and deep learning that is the basis for the selection, organisation and presentation of the content teachers want their students to acquire.
  4. Curriculum Knowledge i.e. the materials and the programmes that serve as ‘tools of the trade’ for teachers.
  5. Knowledge of Learners and their Characteristics i.e. knowledge of learners of a particular age range (empirical or social knowledge), and cognitive knowledge of learners, comprising of child development and knowledge of a particular group of learners.
  6. Knowledge of Educational Contexts i.e. including specific school, catchment area and the wider community, including national and international contexts of current and emergent issues for education e.g. globalization, citizenship, use of ICT to support learning.
  7. Knowledge of Educational Ends (aims) i.e. purposes, values and philosophical and historical influences: both short and long term goals of education and of a subject.

The concepts that I have been confused but later it made me clear are Pedagogical Content Knowledge and knowledge of learners. I was confused in the self-check 5 due to the situational examples.

The resources for a topic in the module have interconnection and have relationship to each other. Like the different teaching knowledge base, sources of knowledge and the relationship of the process of reasoning and action, and the knowledge bases of teaching. I used advance and graphic organizers in the canvass as an output to show its relationship and interconnection.

My beliefs reflect those of the concepts discussed in this module. Before I thought that if you have the knowledge of the content and you master on it, it is enough for effective teaching practice. But after I read the resources, it changes my belief that there are some sources that we should consider for effective teaching. And I want to adopt it in my future endeavor and even I want to endorse it as it is beneficial in learning practices.

Posted in EDS 111 – Principles of Teaching | Leave a comment

Module 2: Teacher Professionalism

Before I studied the module 2, I defined teacher professionalism as a person who acquired degree or specific qualifications with expertise or know-how in a particular field, and obtained license from the authority like PRC or passed the licensure examination for teachers (LET).

Although some teachers who didn’t passed the LET still they can teach in the schools as temporary. In the Philippines, passing the LET is necessary, if you didn’t pass it as if your degree remain dangling and you sense yourself like not professionals. But as (Millerson 1964) focused on establishing the features that an occupation should have in order to be termed a profession.

A typical list included such items as:

  • the use of skills based on theoretical knowledge
  • education and training in those skills certified by examination
  • a code of professional conduct oriented towards the ‘public good’
  • a powerful professional organization.

These lists reflected the nature of established professions such as medicine and law, while occupations that did not entirely meet such criteria were given the title ‘quasi-’ or ‘semi-professions’ (Etzioni 1969). So, those who didn’t passed the LET can be called semi-professionals if we based from Etzioni point of view.

After studying the resources, my definition of teacher professionalism never changed.  Because even the scholarly opinions have different approaches toward teacher professionalism. Still I believe that teacher should obtained degree with expertise in his/her field and more importantly pass the LET as it is required by law and regulated by PRC. Hopefully, in future after I finish this PTC, I pray that, I can pass the LET in the first take, and be a member of professional regulatory commission.

I learned from the module the different definition of teacher professionalism from different perspectives thru their scholarly debates like their criteria, characteristics and status of teacher professionalism. I’ve learned also the factors and features that affect teacher professionalism.

But I still I trust in my own definition as I relied in the contemporary condition in our country, the Philippines.

Posted in EDS 111 – Principles of Teaching | Leave a comment

Module 1: Reflective Teaching Practice

In the beginning of the week in module 1, I could not found time reading concentratedly on the related reference in the said module as on that week we have external auditors for re-certification   of our Integrated Management System (IMS) which is ISO standards to check the continual improvement of our operations and processes. On my way home from work; which is 1 hour and half travelling. I spent time to read my classmates post in discussion forum 1 and 2 just to advanced understanding as I cannot still find time to read the module 1 although I have downloaded it already.

My feelings were not aggressive to read it wholly, when I find time wanting to read just open my bag as I have with me hard copies. When I got an appetite to read the resource 1, 2 and 3, my sensitivity was I understand what the author is trying to say but the way he presented his book was broad and not direct to the point. It made me realized to visit the muddiest points located in the course site maybe I can found inquiries of my classmates so that it will help me to be clearer.

The very central of module 1 and focused discussion is on reflective teaching practice. When I read the course guide, this term will be beneficial and more application throughout the term. When we say reflective teaching practice, this involves critical reflection for the teachers so that they can change and progress their teaching style and to improve their professional career forwards. Some teachers which I touched their lives as per my experienced during those years they teach like repetitive and not moving forward, not thinking of assessing and evaluating themselves how they can improve the learners lifelong learning. I doubt the sincerity of their head in evaluating them, maybe also the checking style to their subordinate is just like passing time and for the seek of compliance. In this module, I have learnt that to be responsible educators they should evaluate themselves to improve teaching practices. Most especially they should think to grow as professionals and apply regular reflection and how to be a critically reflective teacher to lift teaching professionally.

After I completed the activities in module 1, I learned on what is meant by reflective teaching practice, reflection as hunting assumptions, what makes the reflection critical and its two distinctive purposes, and the four critically reflective lenses and processes. These, I can utilize as I move forward in this course.


Posted in EDS 111 – Principles of Teaching | Leave a comment

First eJournal Entry (EDS 111 Principles of Teaching): MY REFLECTION

I am currently working as an OFW in Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in desalination plant, utility business. Four years ago, my manager advised me to do online learning to utilized my time after working hours. But I replied to him that maybe I cannot use it in my future career due to the fact that I am not fully aware of online learning standing in the modernize world. Essentially, I planned when I go back home I will take up professional education units since I anticipated to teach. It never came to my mind that online education is nowadays accepted in the present-day trends. When early 2016 entered, it came across in my mind to searched about online education in the Philippines. I googled it and I saw the UPOU website. I got fascinated to sightsee it as I felt that UP is one of the best high-status institution in my country, the Philippines as far as education is concerned. I started to fill up online and submitted requirements and waiting for the result of admission. Fortunately, I got admitted. I said to myself, If I have known UPOU earlier or ever since 2010, I could have completed Master’s degree or even Doctoral degree as of now. I could have applied my time intelligently despite the fact that while working and continuously learning.

Online learning to me in the current development of modernize world is healthier and I have learned more in the last 2nd trimester and even one of my subject in PTC I have utilized it in my current work. All the required resources, links and reading materials in the course is available just right in front of you. Honestly, compared to face to face education I have learned far beyond in online education even though I am busy in my work whilst spent quality time with my family, nevertheless, still I can manage my time. This is all about time management. Thanks to UPOU, I found you. As a student of UPOU is to take an active role, I’ll do it seriously by not cheating myself, as at the end of the day I am only responsible for my educational achievement and success.

After I have taken the tests, I can reflect as a learner that I am within the parameters, that means I am doing a good job. Last semester, I was able to managed my time although that was my first time taking an online learning like this. I travelled more than 3 hours a day from Jeddah to plant; my workplace and vice versa. Just imagined how I am tired but I was able to get good grades, thank God. Time management and proper planning is very important in my situation to achieved my objectives, targets and programs. As the saying goes, “if you fail to plan, you plan to fail”.

Well, as per the results of the tests, nothing found that in some aspects I find myself lacking. Maybe, on the process of studying and learning I may face some difficulties however when you are directed by standard and track the to do lists, somehow, it will have rectified on the way and it will find going. But still in so far as my study and learning skills is concerned, I want to heighten more through a lot of reading as there is no substitute for reading.

I pledge my commitment to this course by reading all required materials, complete all necessary requirements and most of all, to pass this subject.

Happy learning.

Posted in EDS 111 – Principles of Teaching | Leave a comment


Hi Everyone,

Please feel free to explore my blog and e-journals for my subjects in University of the Philippines Open University (UPOU). It’s really enjoying when you have learned something that improved your daily encounter whether in work or anywhere else.

Happy Learning.

Posted in Home | Leave a comment

About me

I am Mohammad Nur Jikiri Inggilan, a graduate of Bachelor of Arts Major Political Science at Basilan State College year 2004. I proceeded Bachelor of Laws only for 1 year and went to work as an intern at House of Representatives, Batasan, Quezon City. I studied Arabic Language for 1 year at Campo Pilipino, Baguio city, focusing on Islamic Jurisprudence and Theology.

Currently, working as Plant General Manager Secretary at the same time Integrated Management System (IMS) Coordinator and Legal Compliance and issues started early 2010 until now. Hopefully, after I finish PTC, I want to go back home to proceed another career, that is, as an educator but my preference in college.


Posted in About me | Leave a comment


I had an experienced of being assessed in my workplace by my direct superior but it was not fair as it didn’t reflect to my performance. Even face to face interview as specified in our procedure was not complied to explain why he gave me such and such. During my previous school days, I thought being assessed is just simply giving tests and assigning grades. But it is more than as I have thought.

In the opening module, I learned the simple vocabulary linked to assessment and differentiated with other terms especially to evaluation. Assessment is really important and essential in both teachers and students. Once it is valued by both, it will generate better assessment, better teaching, better learning, better greater confidence, better student outcomes and better opportunities in life.

I’ve learned on how to gather evidence in students learning, its different types and how to use it in the course of action. Now I am able to pinpoint diverse references of evidence that it can utilized for assessment inside and outside the classroom. The component of assessment also makes me think and categorize straightforward on how to develop goals and making decisions after all throughout the process. The PDCA cycle is known to me already as it is use in our work. But it add me more thoughts or explain the way it is done in educational system.

Alignment of objectives with the program sheet is what we are doing in my current work throughout the year. I have also mentioned in my previous journal of how our management overlooked it for the sake of compliance. I have ascertained the various purposes of assessment in classroom used: assessment for learning, assessment as learning and assessment of learning. Individually, purposes necessitates a diverse role for us future educator, I will use it in future when soon I’ll become a teacher in planning classroom assessment. The worthy part of it is once assessment analysis or usage of information that is gathered for its planned purpose.

I have clearly, argue, determine and classify the formal, informal, summative and formative assessments. I experienced mostly the formal assessment which is standardized method for testing. Later on, after reading the module references that I came to know that informal assessment are not data driven but rather content and performance driven. I have gone thru many YouTube videos to be clearer to me. It helps me more also when I am reading my classmate posts and discussion in our online forum. I felt I’ve learned more in online education rather in face to face. As I experienced on previous years in school they used only little references in a particular subject. In online education, many references in front of you just merely in one click without any difficulty.

Most of my classmate post in the discussion forum concerning non-traditional assessment is better compared to traditional assessment. But I have written all my responses that although non-traditional is more prepared but we can’t ignore traditional is also benefiting the students. We have to grasp both to foster student’s learning in all corners. We all know that the purpose of teaching is to facilitate learning that change whether in their behaviors and capabilities. Effective teachers promote student learning and use many instructional methods.

In the end module, I absorbed assessment planning and construction, reporting and feedback. I came to comprehend that assessment is not only giving exams, quizzes and receiving good scores. Assessment is providing feedback of what are supposedly measures. I have gone over and sensing all resources provided in the module to equip me in my future endeavor as future educator.

Lastly, many of my views were improved and enhanced after concluded the subject, the principles and method of assessment. If I had known this before that there is such online education in UPOU, by this time I could have finished master’s degree. I want to suggest in the management of UPOU to expand the campaign more overseas by announcing it in the different embassies that there is such online education offered by UPOU so that OFW’s while abroad can still pursue their education when they go back home has better opportunity for them awaiting.

Rest assured that someday I will put into application of all what I have learned in this subject to promote better learning for students and their future. Let me thank my Maam Marilou (Faculty In-Charge) for being there to guide us in this subject and honestly I enjoyed all throughout the modules even I am busy in my work.



Mohammad Nur Inggilan

Posted in Reflections, Insights, and Realizations | 2 Comments